Composite aircraft

More range. More comfort. More baggage. The GB1 GameBird is an unlimited aerobatic competitor without compromising any aspect of its performance. Equally capable in the aerobatic arena as it is on a weekend trip, the GB1 achieves turboprop speeds over long distances.

The GB1 is a true two-seat aircraft featuring a complete set of controls in the front cockpit. With convenient storage and power options for pilot and passenger alike, the GB1 offers a flying experience usually only found in cabin style aircraft. The GB1 for me ticks all these boxes. It gets from point A to point B effortlessly with modern instrumentation.

It performs like no other aerobatic aircraft, with massive amounts of vertical penetration and rudder authority that is simply laughable, although these are good, the ailerons are something that need to be seen to be believed.

View our schedule to find an event near you. See and try the GameBird, meet the.

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If you plan to attend, please fill in the form below or send an email to psteinbach gamecomposites. The air show traditionally features much of Europe's classic warbirds and Game is. Airventure is the largest celebration of general aviation on the planet. Game Composites will be in attendance with a display located near Boeing Plaza.

Stay tuned for further details. Affectionally known the world over as. Game Composites will have several GB1 aircraft on display at Reno for racing pilots and fans to see what the future of fast looks like. Fly Without Compromise. Go Faster. Go Farther. Performance Specs.When it comes to determining how well an aircraft will perform, the thrust-to-weight ratio is one of the most important metrics. Aerospace manufacturers have always aimed to keep this ratio as low as possible by creating lighter aircraft, but the metals traditionally used in aircraft bodies are heavy.

Composite materials, on the other hand, are lighter and enable manufacturers to create more fuel-efficient aircraft when mixed with metal. In the past, composites were mainly used in military aerospace applications. Manufacturing civilian aircraft with composites was considered too expensive, and if composites were part of their design, they were typically used for non-structural applications.

This changed when the civilian aircraft industry had to respond to the rising cost of oil and pressures due to environmental concerns. The more lightweight aircraft structures that result from substituting composite for metal have lower fuel costs and reduced emissions.

Composites are now commonly used in civil aircraft structures in increasing amounts. The lightweight nature of composites is far from their only benefit for the aerospace industry.

Additionally, composites are better at resisting fatigue and corrosion than traditional metal. They are also easy to assemble. As composite technology continues to improve, all of these benefits are becoming more pronounced, and the costs of building aircraft with composites are going down.

Balancing lower weight with noise control and passenger comfort. The development of lighter aircraft through composites helps aircraft become safer and more fuel-efficient, but manufacturers also need to consider the comfort of the passengers in the cabin, excessive noise is often one of the main sources of cabin discomfort. Reducing the weight of the fuselage through lighter materials can result in a noisier ride if lower weight is prioritized over the need for noise and vibration reduction.

However, composite parts for aerospace applications can be formulated and constructed to provide effective vibration damping. Incorporating lightweight insulation and cushioning materials allows composites to provide better vibration damping and airborne noise absorption, resulting in an airplane ride that is much more enjoyable for the passengers and pilot. As we look toward the future, the industry will keep demanding lighter, more efficient aircraft.

Eventually, we may see aircraft constructed entirely of composite rather than metal, but for now, aircraft are still only part metal, part composite. In the meantime, we should expect materials manufactures to upgrade current composite systems so they provide more effective vibrational damping along with their lightweight properties.

Aerospace manufacturers will therefore need to continue working alongside materials manufacturers to further develop the innovations that will facilitate the production of more efficient, quieter, and safer aircraft for civil and military use alike. Polymer Technologies Inc.

We are an AS certified company trusted by leading aircraft manufacturers like Boeing for products like our lightweight, fire-resistant open cell foam insulation. Contact our experts today if you are interested in learning more about our material solutions for the aerospace industry.

Topics: aerospacecomposites. Polymer Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Responsive Website by MilesTechnologies. How composites changed the aerospace industry In the past, composites were mainly used in military aerospace applications. Benefits of composites for aerospace The lightweight nature of composites is far from their only benefit for the aerospace industry.

composite aircraft

Balancing lower weight with noise control and passenger comfort The development of lighter aircraft through composites helps aircraft become safer and more fuel-efficient, but manufacturers also need to consider the comfort of the passengers in the cabin, excessive noise is often one of the main sources of cabin discomfort.A composite aircraft is made up of multiple component craft.

It takes off and flies initially as a single aircraft, with the components able to separate in flight and continue as independent aircraft. The first composite aircraft flew inwhen the British launched a Bristol Scout from a Felixstowe Porte Baby flying boat. During the Second World War some composites saw operational use.

Experiments continued into the jet age, with jet bombers carrying fully capable parasite fighters. A composite configuration is usually adopted to provide increased performance for one of the components, compared to a single craft flying alone.

Composite designs can take a number of different forms:. In the original composite arrangement, a small craft carrying out the operational mission is mounted on a larger carrier craft. Thus it need not be compromised by the requirements for takeoff, climb and initial cruise, but may be optimised for the later stages of the mission.

composite aircraft

In another form the larger carrier aircraft [3] or mother ship [4] [5] carries out the operational mission, with small parasite [4] or jockey [6] carried to support or protect it if required. A variant of this comprises a small piloted component coupled with a larger unpiloted component, typically used as an attack aircraft in which the larger component is loaded with explosives and impacts the target.

The slip-wing composite comprises a lightweight upper lifting component, the slip wing, which assists the lower operational component during initial takeoff and climb: in the true slip-wing, the two wings act together as a biplane. F9C Sparrowhawk inside Akron ' s hangar. F9C Sparrowhawk on the Akron' s trapeze. During and after World War I, a number of efforts were made to develop airship-plane composites, in which one or more aeroplanes were carried by an airship.

The first British effort, undertaken in with a non-rigid SS class airshipwas aimed at the anti- Zeppelin role. The airship was to provide fast climb to altitude, while a B. It ended in disaster when the forward attachment point released prematurely and the aeroplane tipped nose-down. Both crew were killed in the ensuing disaster. By larger rigid airships were available and a Sopwith Camel was successfully released by HMA 23 in Julybut the armistice halted work.

The idea was briefly revived in when the airship R33 was used to launch and then recapture a DH 53 Hummingbird light monoplane aircraft and, intwo Gloster Grebe biplane fighters. The first parasite fighter was a German Albatros D. The LZ Hindenburg later conducted trials using parasite aircraft in the days before it crashed at Lakehurst, but the trial proved unsuccessful as the plane hit the hull trapeze.

In the Tc-3 and Tc-7 non-rigid airships launched and recovered a Sperry Messenger biplane. Subsequently the airships Akron and Macon were constructed with such trapezes and also onboard hangars to house up to four fixed-wing aircraft. The F9C Sparrowhawk reconnaissance fighter was specially designed for this role and served on both types.

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Operations ran from to During the s a variety of alternate plans were studied. In parallel with early airship activity, efforts also went into carrying a fighter plane aloft on top of a second aeroplane.

The idea was to intercept German Zeppelin airships far out to sea, beyond the normal range of a land or shore based craft. The successful first flight was not followed up, due to the ungainliness of the composite in takeoff and its vulnerability in flight. Froma series of types were adapted as carriers for gliders used as aerial targets. The Short Mayo Composite mailplane comprised the S. It made successful transatlantic flights in trials duringbefore operations were cut short by the outbreak of war.

Several countries experimented with composite designs during the second world war, and a few of these were used on operational missions. In the UK, Pemberton-Billing proposed "slip-wing" composite bomber and fighter types, early in the war. In America inO.Weight is everything when it comes to heavier-than-air machines, and designers have striven continuously to improve lift to weight ratios since man first took to the air. Composite materials have played a major part in weight reduction, and today there are three main types in use: carbon fiber- glass- and aramid- reinforced epoxy.

Sincethe use of composites in aerospace has doubled every five years, and new composites regularly appear. Composites are versatile, used for both structural applications and components, in all aircraft and spacecraft, from hot air balloon gondolas and gliders to passenger airliners, fighter planes, and the Space Shuttle.

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Applications range from complete airplanes such as the Beech Starship to wing assemblies, helicopter rotor blades, propellers, seats, and instrument enclosures. The types have different mechanical properties and are used in different areas of aircraft construction. Whereas an aluminum wing has a known metal fatigue lifetime, carbon fiber is much less predictable but dramatically improving every daybut boron works well such as in the wing of the Advanced Tactical Fighter.

Composite Materials

Aramid fibers 'Kevlar' is a well-known proprietary brand owned by DuPont are widely used in honeycomb sheet form to construct very stiff, very light bulkhead, fuel tanks, and floors. They are also used in leading- and trailing-edge wing components.

In an experimental program, Boeing successfully used 1, composite parts to replace 11, metal components in a helicopter. The use of composite-based components in place of metal as part of maintenance cycles is growing rapidly in commercial and leisure aviation.

With ever-increasing fuel costs and environmental lobbyingcommercial flying is under sustained pressure to improve performance, and weight reduction is a key factor in the equation. Beyond the day-to-day operating costs, the aircraft maintenance programs can be simplified by component count reduction and corrosion reduction.

The competitive nature of the aircraft construction business ensures that any opportunity to reduce operating costs is explored and exploited wherever possible. Competition exists in the military too, with continuous pressure to increase payload and range, flight performance characteristics, and 'survivability', not only of airplanes but of missiles, too.

Composite technology continues to advance, and the advent of new types such as basalt and carbon nanotube forms is certain to accelerate and extend composite usage.

composite aircraft

Share Flipboard Email. Todd Johnson. Science Expert. Todd Johnson has worked on the development, commercialization, and sales sides of the composites industry since He also writes about the industry. Updated February 08, Composite materials are widely used in the Aircraft Industry and have allowed engineers to overcome obstacles that have been met when using the materials individually. The constituent materials retain their identities in the composites and do not dissolve or otherwise merge completely into each other.

Together, the materials create a 'hybrid' material that has improved structural properties. The development of light-weight, high-temperature resistant composite materials will allow the next generation of high-performance, economical aircraft designs to materialize.

Usage of such materials will reduce fuel consumption, improve efficiency and reduce direct operating costs of aircrafts. Composite materials can be formed into various shapes and, if desired, the fibres can be wound tightly to increase strength. A useful feature of composites is that they can be layered, with the fibres in each layer running in a different direction.

This allows an engineer to design structures with unique properties. For example, a structure can be designed so that it will bend in one direction, but not another. In a basic composite, one material acts as a supporting matrix, while another material builds on this base scaffolding and reinforces the entire material. Formation of the material can be an expensive and complex process. In essence, a base material matrix is laid out in a mould under high temperature and pressure.

An epoxy or resin is then poured over the base material, creating a strong material when the composite material is cooled. The composite can also be produced by embedding fibres of a secondary material into the base matrix. Composites have good tensile strength and resistance to compression, making them suitable for use in aircraft part manufacture. The tensile strength of the material comes from its fibrous nature. When a tensile force is applied, the fibres within the composite line up with the direction of the applied force, giving its tensile strength.

The good resistance to compression can be attributed to the adhesive and stiffness properties of the base matrix system. It is the role of the resin to maintain the fibres as straight columns and to prevent them from buckling. Composite materials are important to the Aviation Industry because they provide structural strength comparable to metallic alloys, but at a lighter weight.Composite materials are becoming more important in the construction of aerospace structures.

Aircraft parts made from composite materials, such as fairings, spoilers, and flight controls, were developed during the s for their weight savings over aluminum parts. New generation large aircraft are designed with all composite fuselage and wing structures, and the repair of these advanced composite materials requires an in-depth knowledge of composite structures, materials, and tooling.

The primary advantages of composite materials are their high strength, relatively low weight, and corrosion resistance. Composite materials consist of a combination of materials that are mixed together to achieve specific structural properties. The individual materials do not dissolve or merge completely in the composite, but they act together as one.

Normally, the components can be physically identified as they interface with one another. The properties of the composite material are superior to the properties of the individual materials from which it is constructed. An advanced composite material is made of a fibrous material embedded in a resin matrix, generally laminated with fibers oriented in alternating directions to give the material strength and stiffness.

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Fibrous materials are not new; wood is the most common fibrous structural material known to man. An isotropic material has uniform properties in all directions. The measured properties of an isotropic material are independent of the axis of testing. Metals such as aluminum and titanium are examples of isotropic materials. A fiber is the primary load carrying element of the composite material. The composite material is only strong and stiff in the direction of the fibers.

Components made from fiber-reinforced composites can be designed so that the fiber orientation produces optimum mechanical properties, but they can only approach the true isotropic nature of metals, such as aluminum and titanium.

A matrix supports the fibers and bonds them together in the composite material. The matrix transfers any applied loads to the fibers, keeps the fibers in their position and chosen orientation, gives the composite environmental resistance, and determines the maximum service temperature of a composite.

Structural properties, such as stiffness, dimensional stability, and strength of a composite laminate, depend on the stacking sequence of the plies. The stacking sequence describes the distribution of ply orientations through the laminate thickness. As the number of plies with chosen orientations increases, more stacking sequences are possible.

For example, a symmetric eight-ply laminate with four different ply orientations has 24 different stacking sequences. The strength and stiffness of a composite buildup depends on the orientation sequence of the plies.

The practical range of strength and stiffness of carbon fiber extends from values as low as those provided by fiberglass to as high as those provided by titanium. This range of values is determined by the orientation of the plies to the applied load. Proper selection of ply orientation in advanced composite materials is necessary to provide a structurally efficient design. Because the strength design requirements are a function of the applied load direction, ply orientation and ply sequence have to be correct.

It is critical during a repair to replace each damaged ply with a ply of the same material and ply orientation. The fibers in a unidirectional material run in one direction and the strength and stiffness is only in the direction of the fiber. Pre-impregnated prepreg tape is an example of a unidirectional ply orientation. A plain weave fabric is an example of a bidirectional ply orientation. These ply orientations have strength in both directions but not necessarily the same strength.

Bidirectional and unidirectional material properties.So much of your aircraft design depends on light weight and durability. Integrated composite fabrication, bonding and protection options include matrix resins, co-cure structural adhesive films, composite laminate edge sealers, and lightweight structural surfacing films with or without conductive mesh for lightning strike protection.

This is all in addition to bonding solutions including paste adhesives, core splice adhesives and more, all formulated for excellent shop handling and efficient application. To learn more about 3M films, resins, sealers and more for fabricating composite aircraft parts, explore our solutions below. Toughen and bond composite parts with a versatile choice of 3M structural adhesive films, available in a range of weights, carriers and cure temperatures.

Watertight, weather-resistant yet flexible, two-part edge sealers provide erosion and surface protection throughout the flight envelope. Epoxy-based structural adhesive films cure into tough, smooth composite surfaces as well as provide lightning strike protection when a conductive mesh is embedded. Not sure what you're looking for? Use the chart below to help you identify the best product for your needs. Urethane-based films can be co-cured with or bonded to composite surfaces to protect against erosion and abrasion damage.

Nanocomposite epoxy resin systems allow for tough, highly shear-elastic carbon fiber composites for performance in a wide range of applications.

Fast-curing, non-sagging 3M low-density edge and void-filling compounds include the lightest extrudable FR void filler in the aerospace industry. Find your spec today. Please be aware that this information may be stored on a server located in the U. If you do not consent to this use of your personal information, please do not use this system.

Go to bCom Log in Help. Enabling composites inside and out. Aerospace Composite Parts.

Composites in the Aircraft Industry

Structural Adhesive Films Toughen and bond composite parts with a versatile choice of 3M structural adhesive films, available in a range of weights, carriers and cure temperatures. Composite Edge Sealers Watertight, weather-resistant yet flexible, two-part edge sealers provide erosion and surface protection throughout the flight envelope.

Surfacing and Lightning Strike Protection Films. Co-cure Films Toughen and bond composite parts with a versatile choice of 3M structural adhesive films, available in a range of weights, carriers and cure temperatures. Paste Adhesives Urethane-based films can be co-cured with or bonded to composite surfaces to protect against erosion and abrasion damage.

Resins Nanocomposite epoxy resin systems allow for tough, highly shear-elastic carbon fiber composites for performance in a wide range of applications. Void Fillers Fast-curing, non-sagging 3M low-density edge and void-filling compounds include the lightest extrudable FR void filler in the aerospace industry.

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Reimagining the Future of Composite Aircraft

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